Your pets nutritional health be based on receiving the correct quantity and proportions of nutrients from the six essential groups: water, protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, and vitamins. With the deviation of water, commercial pet foods recognize as 100% complete and balanced containing all of these required pet nutrition service 

Importance of Water for Pet Nutrition 

Water is essential in serving control body temperature, lubrication of body tissues and as a fluid medium for the blood and lymph systems. Because water is intricate in practically every retort within an animals body, any large deviation will be associated with adverse influence. Dogs, therefore, have several systems plan to maintain constant water balance.  

Water intake is direct by thirst, hunger, metabolic activity (work, gestation, lactation, growth), and the domain (humidity and temperature).   

Pet get most of their water by simply drinking it, but they also get some from fluid eat with food, and water caused by metabolic processes in the body. Water is primarily lost in urine, feces, and respiration.  

How much water a dog needs is intent in large part by the amount of food they devour each day. A general guideline is that dogs vital 1 mL of water for each kcal of energy. For nursing females, the water requirement will be increased to support milk making. Water should always be freely available for your pet.  

Pet Protein healthy nutrition 

Protein is an essential nutrient and serves numerous purposes in the body, such as muscle growth, tissue repair, enzymes, transporting oxygen in the blood, immune functions, and as a source of energy.  

Proteins are made of amino acids. Each protein has a unique mixture of amino acids that contributes to its shape and function. Dietary protein is digested in the stomach and the small gut is broken down into peptides (smaller pieces of the protein containing two or more amino acids) and free amino acids, which are then absorbed into the bloodstream. Amino acids are administering to various cells of the body where they are used to build body proteins. For the best protein for your pet, you need a pet nutrition service.  


Also, essential amino acids arent stored as such in the body for any significant time. They are constantly metabolized and need to be recharged regularly in the right proportions through diet.  

Pet require 10 essential amino acids:  

  • Arginine  
  • Histidine  
  • Isoleucine  
  • Leucine  
  • Lysine  
  • Methionine  
  • Phenylalanine  
  • Threonine  
  • Tryptophan  
  • Valine  

Sources of protein  

Protein is obtaining from both animal and plant sources. Most protein ingredients dont have all the amino acids in just the right proportion and are ineffectual as the sole source of protein. But careful mixture can lead to just the right balance.  

For example, soybean meal and corn complement each other perfectly, because the amino acids that are lacking in one, are present in the other. Neither meat nor soybean meal is an ideal source of protein on their own, but either can be adequate if fed infusion with another harmonious source of amino acids.  

Protein digestibility  

To appropriately evaluate the protein levels of different dog and cat foods, two things should be contemplating. One is the level of protein and the other is the protein digestibility. Digestibility is a measure of how obtainable or easy-to-use is that protein. For the best protein for your dog, you need a dog nutrition service.  


In addition to the protein level, quality control during the action of dog foods is important. Protein may be damaged by excessive heat processing, but most reputable dog food manufacturers use proper cooking procedures and employ quality control measures to ensure that products are correctly made. Because information about protein digestibility is not listed on dog food labels, the manufacturers reputation is important.  

Carbohydrate sources  

Carbohydrate sources are sugars, starches, and unsolvable fiber. Simple sugars are the smallest carbohydrate molecules and are easily dissolve and absorbed. By contrast, complex carbohydrates, or starches, are a mix of simple sugars forming long chains that require more digestion before they can be absorbed into the bloodstream. Insoluble fibers are carbohydrates that are not digestible by dogs or cats.  

In manufactured pet foods, most dietary carbohydrates are grains, such as wheat, corn, and rice.  

The primary site of carbohydrate digestion is in the small intestine, where these multiplex compounds are broken down to glucose (a simple sugar). Glucose is the usual source of energy used by most cells in the body.  

When dogs and cats consume diets that hold more energy than is needed, excess carbohydrate energy is stored in the form of glycogen in the liver and muscles and is converted to fat and stored in adipose tissues. During periods of fasting, stress, or exercise, glycogen is broken down to glucose and delivered to the bloodstream where it is allocated to all body tissues.  

Carbohydrates in dog and cat food  

Carbohydrates may make up a portion of brittle diets in dog food and cat foods. A large portion of the carbohydrate in pet foods is obtain from grains. Grains are usually processed by grinding, flaking, or cooking. Raw or improperly cooked starches are hard to digest, so careful processing is important to make highly digestible pet foods.  

Common sources of digestible carbohydrate found in dog and cat foods include:  

Cereal grain or flour from:  

  • Corn  
  • Oats  
  • Rice  
  • Barley  
  • Wheat  
  • Sorghum  

At GRAH, we have a diverse and talented team of Veterinary professionals. You can trust the skills of our vets, leaving the care and treatment of your pet in their capable hands. Let us earn your trust by becoming one of our veterinary families at GRAH.