Nutrition Service: Perhaps the most frequent question pet owners ask their vet is What should I feed my pet?  Feeding your pet, a proper quantity of a well-balanced diet is essential to general wellness and well-being.  To know just how and what to feed your pet, you have to know what the Nutrition Service of dogs really is and how these prerequisites have grown through the practice of biological development. 

Since dogs are carnivores, doesnt this mean that they need to eat a diet that is meat-based? 

As a species, the puppy is part of the scientific order Carnivora, a massive set of mammalian creatures that share an identical tooth arrangement.  The dietary needs of creatures belonging to the order change.  Some members of the category have an absolute necessity for meat in their diet (called obligate or authentic carnivores), though some may meet their nutrient needs through ingesting plant material (herbivores) or some blend of plants and meat (omnivores).  Cats are an illustration of an obligate carnivore, cows are still an illustration of an herbivore, and puppies and people are just two examples of omnivores.  

sad-dog-nutriationDue to the dietary requirements of Pet Nutrition Service, both the own tooth arrangement and intestinal tract have been adapted into an omnivorous diet.  It follows that, under ordinary conditions, dogs may fulfill their nutritional requirements by eating a mix of animal and plant foods.  The origin of the fats and proteins is much less important than the quality and digestibility of the vital parts of the pets diet.  Dogs may flourish if theyre fed a correctly balanced vegetarian diet.  But an all-meat diet could be unbalanced and wouldnt fulfill all of your dogs nutritional needs. 

Under normal circumstances, dogs can meet their nutritional needs by eating a combination of plant and animal foods. 

As research into fundamental and applied nutrition has enlarged the understanding of dog nutrition, its known that a well-balanced diet has to also incorporate a proper number of vitamins, minerals, specific essential amino acids (from carbohydrates), and certain essential fatty acids (from fats).  These elements are necessary to construct and keep tissue and execute biological responses, and also the essential amounts differ somewhat with the puppys period of life (puppy, adolescent, adult, pregnancy, mature).    

I was told that dogs cannot digest carbohydrates. Is this true? 

To fulfill their energy requirements, dogs have evolved to utilize fats and proteins as their principal energy resources, but they could also utilize carbs for energy.  The simple fact that the pets digestive tract produces enzymes that are unique for digesting starches and sugars demonstrates they are capable of digesting carbs.  But, complex carbohydrates such as grains are more digestible when theyre cooked.  

dogeat I have heard that dogs should only eat raw foods and that dogs cannot properly digest cooked foods. Is this true? 

Domesticated dogs have accommodated millennia to eat diets supplied by their human partners, such as foods that were cooked.  As stated previously, dogs may actually digest complex carbs more readily once theyve been cooked.  Feeding raw diets may take lots of dangers to the dog in addition to men and women in the house, particularly those people who are young or immunocompromised.  

What are the nutritional requirements for dogs? 
dogeat2The six primary nutrients include water, fats, proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins. These vital nutrients are needed as a member of their pets regular diet and also take part in each of the fundamental functions of the human body. The minimum dietary requirement was created for several nutrients. The maximum tolerable quantities of several nutrients are understood, and consequences of toxicity are demonstrated. 

AAFCO guidelines would be the overall foundation for the nutrient content of commercial pet foods. Ensure your pets food matches the AAFCO standards. Remember these are tips and your pet may need less or more depending upon his health condition. Speak to your vet to learn more about specific nutrients which your specific dog nutrition service might need. 

nutriation1What should I look for in dog food? 

The best advice you may get about feeding your pet is that: feed your pet the highest-quality food that you can spend. The differences between high-quality budget and food meals arent located on the nutrition label; theyre located in the standard and supply of components. Two dog foods can each comprise 27 percent protein however be vastly different in regards to digestibility. 

Each ingredient is considered when its added to the batch of meals, and components like fresh meat include a great deal of water, a lot of that can be lost through processing. This usually means that a sterile diet that lists corn as the primary component might be nutritionally superior to single listing meat. 

Feed your dog the highest-quality food you can afford. 

To further complicate things, some nutrition is recorded as a minimal percentage, whereas some are recorded as a highest percent, which means that the batch of meals may contain a greater or lower proportion of this ingredient than displayed on the tag. 


The best method to choose food for your dog is to ask your veterinarian. However, here are some general tips to help you decide what should go into your dogs food bowl: 

Select diets with real, recognizable, whole-food ingredients. If the majority of listed ingredients are unfamiliar to you, find another diet. 

Pick a low-carb diet. If your pet food includes 500 calories a cup and youve got a 20-pound puppy, the quantity that should feed is miniature (and unsatisfying!). Making things worse, high-calorie meals imply even a few added kibbles really can pack on the pounds. 

How much should I feed? 

The perfect way of determining the number of calories to nourish your dog will be to ascertain exactly what your pets lean weight needs to be and feed based on this weight. Sadly, this requires continuous observation (and weighing) and isnt necessarily sensible. 

Your veterinarian can estimate how many calories your dog needs each day based on his lifestyle and body condition score. 

Take note that few of our puppies are ordinary, so that this formulation is only a beginning point. This daily calorie total comprises not just your pets meals but the addition of any snacks and snacks. If your pet needs to shed weight, your vet will recommend caloric restriction (which is generally 70% to 90 percent of the calculated quantity for weight loss maintenance). 

How often should I feed my dog? 

The biological evolution of puppies since predators has given them technical gastrointestinal and digestive adaptations which permit them to consume a huge meal followed by around days of eating. But for many pet puppies, feeding one or two times daily is suggested. Many dogs will gain from ingesting both split meals two to three times every day. 

dogeat1Irrespective of the feeding program you choose, avoid allowing your puppy to work out sharply after having a large meal, particularly if your pet eats its own food quickly. 

Make sure your pet has access to clean, fresh water in any way times. 

Is dry or canned food better? 

Concerning nutrition and digestibility, there are just no gaps between canned and dry (moist) dog foods. You need to make your choice according to your lifestyle, tastes, and price range. For puppies that have to eat more water or possess particular special dietary requirements, canned foods might be a better option. Otherwise, most dogs nutrition will do good on dry kibble. 

Some dry kibble rations are specially invented as dental diets and will help to automatically remove plaque. 

Are there any breed differences in nutritional requirements? 

In recent several decades, both nutritionists and veterinary scientists have identified that there are certain strain variations in nutrient and metabolic demands.  Breeds of dogs that were developed in particular places, for example, Arctic Circle strains and a few of the water strains, might have adapted to technical diets which are typical in their location of origin.  Inbreeding and genetic differences between people in each species might lead to the additional requirement for individualization of their pets diet to maximize health. Along with contemplating that the pets breed, its also wise to think about your dogs lifestyle.   




Along with contemplating that the pets breed, its also wise to think about your dogs lifestyle. 

What is meant by life-stage nutrition? 

Dogs possess varying nutritional requirements during different phases of their lives, and feeding on a diet thats formulated for all life stages isnt necessarily suitable. Conversely, this exact same all-purpose diet can offer excessive nutrients to some mature or dormant dog. Feeding your pet based on its point of life (puppy, teen, pregnancy, adult, older) is currently suggested by respected nutritionists to keep your dogs overall health and well-being and enhance the quality and the number of your pets life. This info is found on the tag of your pets food since the AAFCO Statement. 

Life-stage feeding for dogs. Early in life, dogs must eat frequently and plenty! At 6 to 8 weeks old, they have to be fed around four to six meals each day. By 6 weeks, the demand for food is diminished because dogs are about 75 percent of the adult size and maybe fed two to three meals every day. 

Some high-quality pup food has advantages over mature dog food since its been specially formulated to get a puppys rigorous nutritional requirements and also contains the right quantity of calcium. Due to their rapid expansion, any nutrient deficiencies made during puppyhood are going to have more intense, even lasting and lifelong, effects. Since growth is practically full by 8 to 10 weeks old, the ordinary puppy could be changed to mature dog food at approximately 12 weeks old. 

These diets have been formulated to include the perfect proportion of calcium and proteins to medium rapid bone growth that may result in joint ailments. 

As a result, while modest amounts might be taken, feeding milk may cause intestinal upset and diarrhea since dogs cant digest it properly. 



Life-stage feeding to your older dog. Elderly dogs, particularly those over 7 decades old, will benefit from a diet formulated to their demands. Senior dog diets frequently have lesser calories, high protein, reduced sodium, and fewer carbs. Many also include ingredients like prebiotics or probiotics to keep healthy intestinal parasitic populations, greater omega-3 fatty acids along with other antioxidants to fight inflammation, and glucosamine to encourage joint health. Make sure you ask your vet about the best food for your senior pet. 

What is my take-home message? 

Choosing high-quality food in the hundreds of available brands and formulations can be hard.  The pet nutrition sector is extremely competitive, and many commercially available foods are extremely great balanced diets.  Consult the veterinary healthcare team that will assist you to decide on a diet thats endorsed by scientific principles and study which satisfies your pets individual requirements.  In case you have any queries about a specific food, your very best source for help is the veterinary healthcare team.   

At Grah Kingston, we have a diverse and talented team of Veterinary professionals. You can trust the skills of our vets, leaving the care and treatment of your pet in their capable hands. Let us earn your trust by becoming one of our veterinary families at GRAH